THE EFFECTS OF EXTENSIVE LISTENING ON EFL LEARNERS’ LISTENING COMPREHENSION

Tran Thi Ngoc Yen1, Tran Thi Phuong Thao1
1 Vinh University

Main Article Content

Abstract

The teaching of listening seems to be an under-researched topic (Field, 2008) although scientists have asserted that listening is an integral part of language development. This study examines the employment of extensive listening as a method to enhance EFL learners’ listening comprehension. The experiment in the study involved two intact classes with 42 learners attending an English program at a language center in Vietnam. An extensive listening program was set up for the treatment group to follow. The control group, in the meantime, was given listening exercises as homework. A pre-test and post-test was used to measure the participants’ improvement in listening comprehension. The results showed that the treatment group significantly outperformed their control group counterparts. This suggests that extensive listening facilitates EFL learners’ listening comprehension.

Article Details

References

Anderson, A., & Lynch, T. (1988). Listening. Oxford University Press.
Antle, J. B. (2011). Extensive listening and how it affects reading speed. In A. Stewart (Ed.), JALT 2010 conference proceedings (pp. 201-208). JALT.
Asemota, H. E. (2015). Nature, importance and practice of listening skill. British Journal of Education, 3(7), 27-33.
Boyle, J. P. (1987). Sex differences in listening vocabulary. Language Learning, 37(2), 273-284.
Brown, S. (2006). Teaching listening. Cambridge University Press.
Buck, G. (2001). Assessing listening. Cambridge University Press.
Chang, A., Millett, S., & Renandya, W. A. (2018). Developing listening fluency through supported extensive practice. RELC Journal, 50(3), 422-438.
Chang, A. C-S., & Millett, S. (2014). The effect of extensive listening on developing L2 listening fluency: Some hard evidence. ELT Journal, 68, 31-40.
Craven, M. (2019). Breakthrough plus 3. Macmillan Education.
Cutting, M. (2004). Making the transition to effective self-access listening. The Language Teacher, 28(6), 21-24.
Day, R., & Bamford, J. (2002). Top ten principles of teaching extensive reading. Reading in a Foreign Language, 14(2), 142-145.
Field, J. (2008). Listening in the language classroom. Cambridge University Press.
Goh, C. (2000). A cognitive perspective on language learners’ listening comprehension problems. System, 28(1), 55-75.
Graham, S., & Santos, D. (2015). Strategies for second language listening: Current scenarios and improved pedagogy. Palgrave Macmillan.
Harmer, J. (2007). The practice of English language teaching (4th ed.). Pearson Education Limited.
Helgesen, M. (2003). Listening. In D. Nunan (Ed.), Practical English language teaching (pp. 23-46). McGraw-Hill.
Ivone, F. M., & Renandya, W. A. (2019). Extensive listening and viewing in ELT. TEFLIN Journal, 30(2), 237-256.
Matsuo, S. (2015). Extensive listening inside and outside the classroom. Humanities Review, 20, 109-115.
McErlain, T. (1999). The nature of listening: The need for listening in English for academic purposes. Ibérica, 1, 77-81.
Miller, L. (2003, March/April). Developing listening skills with authentic materials. ESL Magazine, 6(2), 16-18. https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED482778.pdf
Nation, I. S. P., & Newton, J. (2009). Teaching ESL/EFL speaking and listening. Routledge.
Nguyen, C. D., & Pham, X. T. (2019). Examining the effects of three jigsaw listening activities on text comprehension: An exploration study. VNU Journal of Foreign Studies, 35(6), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.25073/2525-2445/vnufs.4473
Nunan, D. (1998). Approaches to teaching listening in the language classroom. In Korea TESOL (Eds.), Proceedings of the 1997 Korea TESOL conference (pp. 1-10). Korea TESOL.
Nunan, D. (2002). Listening in language learning. In J. C. Richards & W. A. Renandya (Eds.), Methodology in language teaching (pp. 238-241). Cambridge University Press.
Renandya, W. A. (2011). Extensive listening in the second language classroom. In
H. P. Widodo & A. Cirocki (Eds.), Innovation and creativity in ELT
methodology (pp. 28-41). Nova Science Publishers.
Renandya, W. A., & Farrell, T. S. C. (2011). “Teacher, the tape is too fast”: Extensive
listening in ELT. ELT Journal, 65(1), 52-59.
Richards, J. C. (2019). Tactics for listening. Oxford University Press.
Rixon, S. (1986). Developing listening skills. Macmillan.
Rost, M. (1994). Introducing listening. Penguin.
Rost, M. (2011). Teaching and researching listening. Pearson Education Limited.
Rubin, J. (1995). The contribution of video to the development of competence in listening. In D. Mendelsohn & J. Rubin (Eds.), A guide for the teaching of second language listening (pp. 151-165). Dominie Press.
Samuels, S. J. (2002). Reading fluency: Its development and assessment. In A. E. Farstrup & S. J. Samuels (Eds.), What research has to say about reading instruction (pp. 166-183). International Reading Association.
Segalowitz, S., Segalowitz, N., & Wood, A. (1998). Assessing the development of automaticity in second language word recognition. Applied Psycholinguistics, 19, 53-67.
Siegel, J. (2015). Exploring listening strategy instruction through action research. Palgrave Macmillan.
Stephens, M. (2011). The primacy of extensive listening. ELT Journal, 65, 311-313.
Waring, R. (2008). Starting an extensive listening program. Extensive Reading in Japan, 1(1), 7-10.
Wodinsky, M., & Nation, P. (1988). Learning from graded readers. Reading in a Foreign Language, 5(1), 155-161.