THE CONCEPT OF TRAUMA IN LITERATURE VIEWED FROM THE TRANSITIONING MODELS OF TRAUMA IN THE WEST
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The article analyzes and highlights the change in the view of trauma in the trauma research trends in the United States and the West from the 90s of the 20th century to the present, specifically through the case of Cathy Caruth and the waves of post-Caruthic research. By referring to the trauma perspective of Cathy Caruth in classic work Unclaimed Experience: Trauma, Narrative, and History and later studies, we show the shift from the traditional model (trauma as a structural concept) to a pluralistic theoretical model where trauma is seen as a discourse. The article aims to provide a complete, comprehensive conceptualization of trauma while also providing theoretical tools for reading the text.
trauma theory, Cathy Caruth, structural model, pluralism theory, trauma discourse
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